عنوان مقاله [English]
The main purpose of this study is to investigate the social factors related to environmental identity among the citizens of Ilam city. This study was performed with quantitative approach and descriptive survey method. The required data were collected through a researcher-made questionnaire. The statistical population included citizens aged 18 and above in the city of Ilam with 580158 people, who were identified using the Cochran's formula, 384 people, and their cluster sampling method was studied. Cronbach's alpha was used to validate the research instrument and Cronbach's alpha was used to estimate its reliability. Most variables had alpha levels above 0.75. SPSS and AMOS statistical software were used to analyze the data. The results of multivariate regression show that the beta coefficient is equal for the variable of social interactions (Beta =0.812), for kinship relations or relatives equal to (Beta =0.351) and for memories and memories related to the city of Ilam (Beta =0.101) Is. Together, these three variables predict 73% of the changes. Also, the results of the measurement model based on the root indices of the remaining average squares (RMR) equal to 0.053, the root index of the estimated average squares of error (RMSEA) equal to 0.699, the norm of the normal (relative) Chi-square (CMIN / DF) index equal to 2.82 and the Adaptive Adjustment Index (CFI) of 0.916 confirm the model.
Environmental identity is one of the dimensions of identity that is tied to a specific geographical location and is related to the concern of people in a society for environmental problems that affect a place and can a set of positive tendencies and attitudes towards identifying elements and patterns at level one. Created society. Environmental identity represents a positive emotional bond between person and place; In such a way that the person defines himself as a part of the place and in connection with the place. In fact, environmental identity and attachment to place and living environment, various aspects of the individual's relationship with the environment, conceptualization and connection and psychological connection of the individual with the environment from different aspects are examined. Ilam province is one of the cultural regions of Iran with a mountainous environment and natural landscapes, which to a large extent has highlighted the effects of identity and environmental belonging in the minds of citizens. Accordingly, in this study, the effects and role of social contexts such as people's family history, natural landscape of the city (mountainous, vegetation, waterfalls), religious beliefs, kinship and tribal relations, memories and memories related to The city of Ilam as well as social interactions on environmental identity have been studied and therefore the present study seeks to answer the main question of what are the social factors related to environmental identity among the citizens of Ilam?
The study paradigm is positivist with a quantitative approach and descriptive survey. In terms of the purpose of the present study, it is fundamental, in terms of breadth of breadth, and in terms of time, a cross-sectional study. The statistical population of the present study is 580158 people over the age of 18 in all citizens of Ilam city. Due to the large number of statistical population and research logic, sampling was used. The Cochran's formula was used to determine the sample size, which were 384 people. Random cluster sampling was used to select the samples. A researcher-made questionnaire is made to collect information. In this study, data analysis was performed using SPSS and AMOS software at both descriptive and inferential levels. Credit validity of the research method and Cronbach's alpha coefficients were used to measure the reliability of the research instrument. For the variables, at least 0.72 for the social interaction variable and 0.84 for the environmental identity fluctuated, which also indicates high reliability. It is in variables.
Results and discussion
The results show that variables such as gender and age group do not have a significant statistical effect on environmental identity and it can be said that the observed difference is due to error. The results show that the mean scores of environmental identity were different in the five study groups and there was a significant relationship between the education of the respondents and their environmental identity. The results of the correlation between people's family history, social interactions, religious beliefs, kinship relations, memories and recollections with environmental identity are significant; but the city's natural landscapes (being mountainous, vegetation, waterfalls, etc.) and the environmental identity do not have a significant relationship. The results of regression coefficient show that the three variables of social interactions, relationships and kinship relations and relatives and memories and memorials related to Ilam city have entered the regression equation in order of importance. The value of T is significant for these three variables at 95%. Measurement criteria The Amos environmental identity factor model shows that the measurement model has a relatively good fit. The RMR index or root mean of the residual mean, the absolute GFI index, the AGFI absolute fit, the CFI adaptive fit index, and the Louis Tower (TLI) and the relative Chi-Square index show the overall improvement for the model.
It can be said that the city of Ilam, considering the unity and harmony of the city in terms of ethnic diversity and the fact that people raise livestock in rural and nomadic habitats around it, and the land and ancestral lands are relatively limited to this area, is considered a city. In this regard, customs and traditions also play an important and fundamental role in creating and strengthening the sense of belonging to the city under study, because many of these customs and roots have their roots in the thousands of years of ethnic life that