تاثیر نوع سازماندهی مجتمع های مسکونی بر ایجاد پدیده ی جزیره گرمایی نمونه موردی: مجتمع های مسکونی میان مرتبه ی شهر شیراز

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیئت علمی دانشکده فنی دانشگاه یاسوج

2 دانشگاه ازاد شیراز

3 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد شیراز

چکیده

در نیم قرن اخیر، به‌ویژه در کلان‌شهرهای کشور با افزایش جمعیت شهرنشین ساخت بی‌رویۀ مجتمع‌های مسکونی رواج بیشتری یافته‌است. این مسئله افزایش دمای هوای مناطق شهری نسبت به حومه شهر و مناطق روستایی را به همراه داشته‌است. از آن‌جایی که فرم سازماندهی مجتمع‌های مسکونی در ایجاد شرایط آسایش محیطی نقش بسزایی را ایفا می‌کنند، این پژوهش با هدف دستیابی به آسایش حرارتی و کاهش اثرات پدیدۀ جزیرۀگرمایی در فضای ایجاد شده به واسطۀ مجتمع‌های مسکونی میان‌مرتبه، به دنبال ارائۀ فرم بهینه مجتمع‌های مسکونی برای شهر شیراز می‌باشد. از این رو فرضیۀ پژوهش با تمرکز بر فرم مجتمع‌های مسکونی و تاثیر عوامل اقلیمی موثر بر آن که تاثیر بسزایی در تعیین و ایجاد شرایط آسایش حرارتی بیرونی در فضای باز شهری دارد، شکل گرفته‌است. در این راستا، روش تحقیق به کار رفته در این مقاله به لحاظ هدف از نوع تحقیقات کاربردی و به لحاظ روش‌شناسی، روش تحقیق کمی است. لذا تحقیق بر پایۀ‌ دو راهبرد استدلال منطقی تجزیه و تحلیل منابع کتابخانه‌ای از یک سو و سنجش کمی، بر پایۀ نرم‌افزار (نسخه Envi-met 4 Basic) از سوی دیگر بنا شده‌است. این پژوهش به تحلیل و مقایسه شش الگوی متفاوت فرم در شهر شیراز پرداخته‌است. از این رو داده‌های دمایی 12 ظهر 1تیر ماه 1397 به عنوان انقلاب تابستانی مبنای ارزیابی و مورد استفاده قرارگرفته‌است. معیارهای مورد سنجش عبارتند از: متغیرهای اصلی آسایش حرارتی بیرونی نظیر، دمای هوا، رطوبت نسبی و سرعت باد و دمای متوسط تابشی. نتایج تحقیق حاکی از آن است که پلان های خطی و مجموعه‌ای منظم در 3 معیار دمای معمولی، رطوبت نسبی و سرعت باد مطلوب‌تر عمل کرده‌اند. پلان های مرکزی تک عنصری و مرکزی چندعنصری دارای رفتار مشابه و در ردۀ بعد قرار گرفتند و نامطلوب ترین وضعیت متعلق به فرم مجموعه‌ای نامنظم می‌باشد. این در حالیست که بهترین وضعیت در دمای متوسط تابشی متعلق به پلان مرکزی تک عنصره است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Effect of Residential Complex Organization on Heat Island Phenomena in Residential Areas. Case Study: Mid-rise Residential Complex in Shiraz

نویسندگان [English]

  • ali akbar Heidari 1
  • malihe Taghipour 2
  • neda ghahreman izadi 3
2 azad university
3 islamic azad university of shiraz
چکیده [English]

In recent years, with the increase in the population of cities, urban construction has also increased and as a result, a variety of industrial activities have been developed in them. This has led to the formation of phenomena known as climate wisdom in cities, which has become a major issue in science today. Since the shapeof the organization of spaces in urban blocks plays a significant role in shaping this, so the present study examines the impact of the shape and shape of residential buildings as the most important constituent components of urban blocks. The issue concerns the formation of thermal islands. this study aims to achieve thermal comfort and reduce the effects of heat island phenomena in the space created by mid-rise residential complexes in order to Provide the optimum form of residential complexes for Shiraz. In this regard, the research method used in this article is applied research in terms of purpose and in terms of methodology, quantitative research method is used. Therefore, the research is based on two logical reasoning strategiesin one hand for analyzing library resources is used and on the other hand quantitative measurement is done by using basic form of Envi-met 4 Software. This study has analyzed and compared six different organization in the Shiraz. Hence the temperature data of 12 noon 1 July 1397 has been used as the basis for the summer revolution. The results show that the best condition at the average radiant temperature belongs to the single element central plan.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Organizing
  • Residential Complex
  • Thermal Island
  • Envi-met
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