شناسایی و رتبه بندی عوامل مؤثر بر مشارکت مالی بخش خصوصی و نقش آن در توسعه پایدار شهری (مورد مطالعه: شهرداری یاسوج)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

گروه مدیریت، واحد شیراز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، شیراز، ایران

چکیده

تأمین مالی طرح‌های توسعه شهری در کشورهای در حال توسعه، بیشتر بر عهده نهادهای بخش عمومی بوده و بخش خصوصی به دلایل مختلف رغبت چندانی برای ارائه این‌گونه خدمات نداشته است، اما تغییر هزینه‌ها و منافع اقتصادی طرح‌های توسعه شهری و افزایش تقاضا برای برخی خدمات شهری، منافع اقتصادی بعضی سرمایه‌گذاری‌ها در این طرح‌ها را چنان افزایش داده که بخش خصوصی را ترغیب می‌کند تا در کنار بخش عمومی وارد این قبیل پروژه‌ها شوند. ‌هدف اصلی این پژوهش، شناسایی و رتبه‌بندی عوامل مؤثر بر مشارکت مالی بخش خصوصی و نقش آن در توسعه پایدار شهری است. این پژوهش براساس هدف، کاربردی و با توجه به نحوه گردآوری داده‌ها، توصیفی و از نوع پیمایشی می‌باشد. جامعه آماری این پژوهش 140 نفر از کارشناسان و متخصصان شرکت‌های پیمانکاری در امر سرمایه‌گذاری سازمان‌های عمومی و غیردولتی شهر یاسوج بوده است. حجم نمونه با استفاده از فرمول کوکران برابر 109 نفر تعیین و روش نمونه گیری غیر تصادفی در دسترس انتخاب گردید. ابزار جمع آوری داده‌ها پرسشنامه استاندارد عزیزی و همکاران(1395) با مقیاس پنج گزینه‌ای طیف لیکرت بوده است. روایی پرسشنامه با استفاده از نظر متخصصان به صورت محتوایی و پایایی آن با استفاده از آلفای کرونباخ برای تمام متغیرها مورد تایید قرار گرفت. برای رتبه‌بندی عوامل موثر بر مشارکت مالی از آزمون فریدمن و برای بررسی فرضیه‌های پژوهش از آزمون t تک نمونه‌ای استفاده شد. یافته‌های پژوهش نشان داد که تأثیر مؤلفه‌های تأثیر‌گذار بر مشارکت بخش خصوصی در توسعه پروژه‌ها به یک اندازه نمی‌باشد و در این زمینه ارتباط معنی‌دار بودن هدف در رتبه اول و سازماندهی، نگرش، پیش‌نگری، خط‌مشی، اقتصادی و اجتماعی- فرهنگی و ایجاد انگیزه (مشوق ها) به ترتیب در رتبه‌های بعدی مؤلفه-های تأثیر‌گذار بر مشارکت بخش خصوصی در توسعه پروژه‌های شهر یاسوج قرار دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying and ranking the factors affecting the financial participation of the private sector and its role in sustainable urban development (Case study: Yasuj Municipality)

نویسنده [English]

  • hassan soltani
Department of Management, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad Univercity, Shiraz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Financing of urban development projects in developing countries is mostly the responsibility of public sector institutions and the private sector for various reasons has not been very willing to provide such services, but changing the costs and economic benefits of urban development projects and increasing demand for some urban services, The economic benefits of some of these investments have increased so much that they encourage the private sector to join such projects alongside the public sector. The main purpose of this study is to identify and rank the factors affecting the financial participation of the private sector and its role in sustainable urban development. This research is applied based on the purpose and descriptive and survey type according to the data collection method. The statistical population of this study was 140 experts and specialists of contracting companies in the field of investment of public and non-governmental organizations in Yasuj. The sample size was determined using Cochran's formula equal to 109 people and the available non-random sampling method was selected. Data collection tool was a standard questionnaire of Azizi et al. (2016) with a five-point Likert scale. The validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by experts in terms of content and its reliability was confirmed by using Cronbach's alpha for all variables. Friedman test was used to rank the factors affecting financial participation and a one-sample t-test was used to test the research hypotheses. Findings showed that the effect of influential components on private sector participation in project development is not the same and in this regard, the relationship between the significance of the goal in the first place and organization, attitude, foresight. , Policy, economic and socio-cultural policy and motivation (incentives) are in the next ranks of components affecting the participation of the private sector in the development of Yasuj city projects, respectively.
Extended abstract
Introduction:
Financing of urban development projects in developing countries is mostly the responsibility of public sector institutions and the private sector for various reasons has not been very willing to provide such services, but changing the costs and economic benefits of urban development projects and increasing demand for some urban services. The economic benefits of some of the investments in these projects have increased to such an extent that they encourage the private sector to enter into such projects alongside the public sector. The main purpose of this study is to identify and rank the factors affecting the financial participation of the private sector and its role in sustainable urban development.
Methodology:
 The main purpose of this study is to identify and rank the factors affecting the financial participation of the private sector and its role in sustainable urban development. This research is applied based on the purpose and descriptive and survey type according to the data collection method. The statistical population of this study was 140 experts and specialists of contracting companies in the field of investment of public and non-governmental organizations in Yasuj. The sample size was determined using Cochran's formula equal to 109 people and the available non-random sampling method was selected. Data collection tool was a standard questionnaire of Azizi et al. (2016) with a five-point Likert scale. The validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by experts in terms of content and its reliability was confirmed by using Cronbach's alpha for all variables.
Results:
Friedman test was used to rank the factors affecting financial participation and a one-sample t-test was used to test the research hypotheses.
Conclusion:
Findings showed that the effect of influential components on private sector participation in project development is not the same - and in this regard, the relationship between the significance of the goal in the first place and organization, attitude, foresight. , Policy, economic and socio-cultural and motivation (incentives) are in the next ranks of the components affecting the participation of the private sector in the development of Yasuj city projects, respectively.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Financial participation
  • private sector
  • sustainable urban development
  • Yasuj Municipality
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